Bulgaria and Romania: Ten Years of EU Membership in the Shadow of Monitoring

Since joining the EU in 2007, Bulgaria and Romania have remained under unprecedented post-accession monitoring, and have achieved mixed results in addressing corruption, organised crime and judicial reform, writes Eli Gateva. She argues that both countries demonstrate the limits of the EU’s influence after accession, and that, while the EU has a role, local responsibility […]

An Independent Scotland and the EU: What Route to Membership?

In the event of independence, how might Scotland pursue EU membership? Kirsty Hughes and Tobias Lock explore the principal options, arguing that ensuring Scotland’s continuity with EU laws and policy would ultimately be more important than attempting to secure a fast-tracked route to membership, which would be completed in any case after Brexit. Extended Article […]

‘While Europe’s Eye is Fix’d on Mighty Things’: Implications of the Brexit Vote for Scotland

The variation in vote outcomes across the different parts of the UK in the EU referendum has brought existing constitutional questions to the fore, alongside the new challenges associated with exiting the EU, write David Edward and Niamh Nic Shuibhne. Outlining some of the options for Scotland, they argue that all the political actors involved […]

Brexit May Force a Rethink for Finland’s Eurosceptics

Following the UK’s EU referendum, there is a lack of appetite in Finland to hold a similar vote on EU membership or the euro, writes Tapio Raunio. He notes that the main proponent of EU referendums, the Finns Party, is currently limited by its role in the coalition government, and that the economic and political […]

First, Brexit – Are the Dutch Next in Line?

Although the Netherlands is considered a potential contender to follow the UK in opting to leave the EU, such a prospect is unlikely for now, writes David Bokhorst. He argues, however, that deep public dissatisfaction with European integration, combined with how political elites present the EU at home, will continue to undermine Dutch support for […]

A Lame-Duck Member State? The UK’s Position in the EU After the Referendum

Despite the fact that it has not yet begun withdrawal negotiations or indeed left the EU, the UK is already experiencing a dramatic loss of power and influence within the EU, writes Tobias Lock. He argues that the role of EU law within the UK is also in question even now, since the eventual prospect […]

Denmark and Brexit: An Ally Departing and Anticipations High

Over the years, Denmark has shared a scepticism for European integration alongside the UK, writes Ben Rosamond. He argues that the UK’s exit will see Denmark lose a key ally within the EU, and Danish politics and business will be following closely how the UK’s new relationship with the EU develops. Danish Flags, MPD01605, CC-BY-SA-2.0 […]

Could Scotland Remain in Both the EU and the UK After ‘Brexit’?

One of the challenges facing Scotland following the EU referendum is whether it could retain membership of the EU while continuing to be part of the UK, writes Mark Lazarowicz. He considers several options in detail and suggests that, while they might be possible, all would require a substantial degree of political will, both within […]